Shelf plays an important role in modern logistics activities. The modernization of warehouse management is directly related to the types and functions of shelves. The function and function of the shelf have the following aspects. Shelf is a rack structure, which can make full use of warehouse space, improve storage capacity utilization and expand storage capacity. Goods stored on shelves are not extruded, and material loss is small. They can completely guarantee the function of goods themselves and reduce the loss of goods. The goods in the rack are easy to access, convenient for inventory and measurement, and can be done first in first out. To ensure the quality of stored goods, we should take measures such as moisture-proof, dust-proof, anti-theft and anti destruction, so as to improve the quality of material storage. The structure and function of many new shelves can help to realize the mechanization and automation management of warehouses.